Information security governance is the process through which an organization formulates a strategy to secure IT by following an information security program. Often confused with IT security management, IT governance deals with the checking of security strategies to see if they are in league with the business regulations and objectives. IT governing body is the strategic operator that supervises the proper alleviation of errors and risks within the governing framework.

IT Security

IT security or computer security is the act of securing technology information (often of a computer or a mobile phone). However, this security is not restricted to smartphones or laptops and computers; it refers to securing technology of all kinds of computer system including calculators, mobile computing devices, etc. Information security whizz are not hard to find. They are pivotal in any major or small business organization due to the obvious confidentiality of the information they incorporate within their system.

History of IT Security Governance

Information security is nothing new if one traces the dates since its invention. Necessity to secure information dates back to the time of Julius Caesar who devised the Caesar cipher in order to protect his secret messages from getting into the wrong hands. Even then, the major security lied in the governing hands who could ensure proper procedural schemes to protect such information.

Classification systems were first codified by the British government in their publication of Official Secrets Act in 1889, to install proper security management according to the intensity of the sensitivity of the information. First World War greatly motivated the code breaking and making from the multi-tier classification programs used for delivering messages to various political or war fronts. Thus, the war led to the foundation of Government Code and Cyber School in 1919. With the Second World War, there emerged an advanced and brilliant intricacy of coding warfare data when the grand Enigma Machine was created by the Germans. Alan Turing, a cryptanalyst and logician, decrypted the German code and still stands as the best example of breaking classified information.

The end and beginning of the 20th century and 21st century, respectively, prospered in data encryption, computer systems, and telecommunication. Through the internet, computer systems started getting interconnected with each other making electronic data processing and confidential data sharing easier for small business companies and home users.

Evolution of Information Governance

Information governance or IG evolved as a platform at the enterprise level to formulate and devise policies for financial jurisdictions. CEOs, record management professionals, and legislators searched for an accountable governing platform for their various organizational needs.

Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM), founded on 2005, stressed on the complications related to e-discovery and information governance that led to the development of Information Governance Reference Model (IGRM).

Security Governance Overview

When it comes to securing business-centered technology data and information, it is crucial to secure them through proper governance just like financial resource security. To ensure that the company data is safely secured from harmful cyber-attacks, the company should implement authentic and effective security governance programs that target reducing risks and the vulnerability of technology information.